The Landscape Services concept as a bridge between landscape and value has been discussed since many year ago. Jolande W. Termorshuizen and Paul Opdam, in 2009 discussed about Landscape services as a bridge between landscape ecology and sustainable development in Landscape Ecology Journal (2009) Vol 24:1037–1052 (DOI 10.1007/s10980-008-9314-8). They wrote that landscape ecological research needs to focus more on global-local issues and propose the concept of landscape services as a unifying common ground where scientists from various disciplines are encouraged to cooperate in producing a common knowledge base that can be integrated into multifunctional, actor-led landscape development.
They discusse about The landscape services concept as a bridge between landscape and value (Termorshuizen & Opdam, 2009), which consist of:
Landscape as a value-delivering system
Landscape services versus ecosystem services
Landscape services better associate with pattern–process relationships
Landscape services are more relevant and legitimate to local practitioners
The Landscape Services for Better Understanding
Those ideas are in line with my idea in landscape architecture perspectives. This is a right time to introduce the term of “landscape services” compare to ecosystem services nor environmental services and others related terms. I think we should develop those ideas about “landscape services” in many disciplines. The “landscape services” or LS is better understanding because landscape is pattern-process-scale and spatio-temporal approach that helps people to understand a “thing” in comprehesive way. The LS is better because we have “concept-plan” that combine any ideas from any experts from any disciplines which finally are aggregated in one spectacular idea. The LS is better because we can approach from local to global and from community to decision maker, which are translated depend of their needs.
The LS is not talking just about the physical-biological environment, but also social-cultural and economic-politics. When we talk about a suitable place for high rise building because it has beautiful scenery as they are providing awesome borrowing landscape, at the same we also talk how suitable that place legally and economically. When we talk about an amazing design to develop landscape agrotourism because it has highly agricultural products and highly demands, at the same time we also talk about community-based development plus the value of its historical landscape. The LS is obviously a bridge for Sustainable Developments (SD), further for accompalish Sustainable Developments Goals (SDGs)