Here is the abstract:
The development of small agroforestry landscapes for low carbon societies can resolve environmental problems in rural areas, particularly in developing countries. Inadequate landscape management practices may suppress economic, social and
ecological development in rural marginal communities. Therefore by revitalizing small agroforestry systems such as pekarangan, marginal communities have the possibility to advance economically, socially and ecologically. The aim of this research is to develop an original environmental service concept around the small agroforestry landscape of pekarangan, a home garden landscape. Those environmental services of pekarangan are (1) biodiversity conservation, (2) carbon stock accumulation, (3) economic resource possession and (4) additional nutrition for humans. It was found pekarangan has high biodiversity and carbon stock may account for up to 20% of forest landscape, while total income could be increased by up to 12.9%. Finally it was recorded that pekarangan may provide 2.0% of daily calorie intake.
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