Interpretasi Lanskap Alami

8 10 2017
Interpretasi Lanskap Alami

Interpretasi Lanskap Alami

Interpretasi Lanskap Alami merupakan materi praktikum pada Minggu V dalam praktikum Dasar-dasar Arsitektur Lanskap (ARL200). Materi ini disampaikan pada hari Jumat 6 Oktober 2017 pukul 13.30-16.30 kepada mahasiswa kelas P7 yang mayoritas berasal dari Mayor Proteksi Tanaman (PTN). Sejumlah 96 (sembilan puluh enam) mahasiswa ikut dalam kegiatan interpretasi Kualitas Lanskap dari Man-made Landscape hingga Natural Landscape. Mahasiswa diperkenalkan dengan istilah dalam arsitek lanskap yang mencakup View, Vista, Vantage Point, Vocal Point, Terminus, Axis, Symmetrical Balance, Asymmetrical Balance dan Landscape Characters serta lain sebagainya.

 

The meaning of Natural Landscape (Source: Wikipedia)

natural landscape is the original landscape that exists before it is acted upon by human culture.[note 1] The natural landscape and the cultural landscape are separate parts of the landscape.[note 2] However, in the twenty-first century landscapes that are totally untouched by human activity no longer exist, so that reference is sometimes now made to degrees of naturalness within a landscape.[note 3]

In Silent Spring (1962) Rachel Carson describes a roadside verge as it used to look: “Along the roads, laurel, viburnum and alder, great ferns and wildflowers delighted the traveler’s eye through much of the year” and then how it looks now following the use of herbicides: “The roadsides, once so attractive, were now lined with browned and withered vegetation as though swept by fire”.[1] Even though the landscape before it is sprayed is biologically degraded, and may well contains alien species, the concept of what might constitute a natural landscape can still be deduced from the context.

The phrase “natural landscape” was first used in connection with landscape painting, and landscape gardening, to contrast a formal style with a more natural one, closer to nature. Alexander von Humboldt (1769 – 1859) was to further conceptualize this into the idea of a natural landscape separate from the cultural landscape. Then in 1908 geographer Otto Schlüter developed the terms original landscape (Urlandschaft) and its opposite cultural landscape (Kulturlandschaft) in an attempt to give the science of geography a subject matter that was different from the other sciences. An early use of the actual phrase “natural landscape” by a geographer can be found in Carl O. Sauer‘s paper “The Morphology of Landscape” (1925).[2]